Parquet flooring is a decorative flooring made of hardwood that is laid in geometrical patterns. Small slats of wood are arranged in repeated patterns to create a design.
It is a very popular type of building materials as it is biodegradable and eco-friendly. The patterned floors are also aesthetically appealing. Parquet flooring in modern times is available in wooden tile form. This tile is bonded to a backing material. This gives stability to the structure.
The common sizes available in parquet flooring tiles are 9 by 9, 12 by 12 and 19 by 19 inches. The thickness of the tiles ranges from a 5/6th inch to 3/4th inch.
The layers of parquet flooring tiles have a lower mesh layer that is made of paper, cloth or a thin metal skeleton. The upper hardwood layer is made of oak wood, maple, walnut or other wood varieties. There is no coloration on the parquet tiles as they retain the original wood color and design.
Structure of Parquet Flooring
Parquet flooring has evolved from just wooden tiles to intricate designs. The construction of the parquet flooring brick has also changed. It consists of three layers. Here is how the structure of parquet brick/tile looks like:
- There is a bottom layer that is made of one hundred percent wood and provides balance and stability to the entire structure.
- The layer on top of this bottom layer is made of pine, spruce or HDF. This layer absorbs the stress and impact. This layer provides shock absorbing properties to the tile making it durable.
- The top layer is called the wear layer. This is made of a small sheath of wood. This sheath provides a very fine cover and can be easily polished and maintained. The top layer is the layer that provides the aesthetic beauty to the tile. This is made from oakwood or maple or any such beautiful wood.
The three layers of the brick of the parquet flooring constitute the structure. For the shine, there is treatment given to the top layer of the brick.
The treatment consists of UV curation, water-based varnishing and use of high-quality oil to give the glossy and shiny look. The outer beautification layer is done through environment-friendly products that meet international standards of safety.
Parquet came into being in the 17th century from Versailles, France. This was a time when hand-cut pieces of the slab were glued to the concrete floor.
Most of the rich and wealthy used this type of flooring. Parquet flooring gave a classy look to the floor in comparison with the concrete and stone floors that commoners used. Parquet flooring became a concept that only the rich could afford for a very long time.
After carpeted flooring became popular, the trend continued till the 1900s. It was only in the 1980s that flooring came back. The popularity grew by leaps and bounds and become now the most sought after flooring for modern homes. There are many designs available in parquet flooring. You can also go in for 2D or 3D parquet flooring designs as per your choice.
Cost Implications of Parquet Flooring
The modern-day tile of flooring is mostly square in shape. It consists of an outer hardwood cover bonded with the inner mesh or plywood base.
The placement in parquet flooring is intricate and adds to the cost. The tiles in parquet flooring are placed in mosaic, manual or other geometrical designs.
The cost of simple flooring comes between $20 to $45 per square foot or more. This depends on the level of complexity of the placement of tiles. You can check with the reliable construction companies of your city to find out more about flooring and its cost implications.
How to Install?
All construction companies who are in the business of interior designing are experts in installing parquet flooring. Here are some of the commonly used steps for installation of flooring:
Use smooth and dry surfaces:
The substrate or the floor where flooring has to be installed should be leveled and dry. The tiles are stuck on using glue so this becomes a prerequisite.
Give it time to acclimate:
This is an important yet widely ignored step. Before the actual gluing starts, you need to arrange the tiles and let them acclimate. Wood has a tendency to get affected by temperature and humidity. So the process of acclimatization is important.
Get the pattern right:
The uniqueness of flooring lies in the patterns that can be created through them. This also means that installation becomes complex as the pattern has to carefully executed.
Get your tools right:
There are specific tools that are needed to put the flooring right. For e.g. parquet tiles cannot be cut using a circular saw. You need a jigsaw for it. Ensure you check with your parquet flooring provider on these aspects before making a decision.
Advantages of Parquet Flooring
Parquet flooring is beautiful to look at. This is the first point of attraction for everyone. If you are constructing your home or office, There are many advantages like:
- You can choose from a variety of patterns and designs for giving your house a classy look.
- It is a budget-friendly option.
- Insulation properties to keep your house warm and cozy.
- Easy to install on your own also. You can check a DIY manual online as there are no nails involved in the process.
Disadvantages of Parquet Flooring
There are always two sides of a coin. If there are many advantages of flooring, there would be some disadvantages too. These are listed here to help you in your decision-making process. The disadvantages are:
- Refinishing of the tiles can be challenging.
- Parquet flooring is not suitable for high moisture areas as wood can become clammy and spoilt under such climatic conditions.
- It cannot be used for flooring in bathrooms, kitchens or laundry areas.
Maintenance of flooring is easy. All you need to do is dry mop the floor with a wool dust mop or a microfiber mop. If there is any wet spillage on your flooring, you need to wipe it up with absorbent paper towels. A damp washcloth is strictly only to be used on sticky and tough stains.
Vacuuming our flooring once a time in a week is maximum. Steam mops to be strictly avoided. For polishing of your parquet flooring, use cleaning products specifically designed for wood floors. Avoid using wax or vinyl based cleaning products.
Once done properly, flooring can easily last you up to 15 years or more.
After that, there may be some repair or refurbishment needed. The quality of the wood and your ability to maintain and make all the difference to the longevity of your parquet flooring.
As of now, if you are contemplating whether or not to go with this kind of flooring, then put your fears to rest. The entire package is aesthetically appealing, eco-friendly and cost-effective. What more can you ask for?